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[email protected] | 22Jan2018 | Will Zuzak
22 January 2018 -- 100th Anniversary of the Ukrainian Independence
On 22Jan2018, before an august body of Ukrainian citizens, President
Petro Poroshenko proclaimed the 100th anniversary of Ukraine’s struggle
Ever since I was a small child, my parents always celebrated January 22
as Ukrainian Independence Day to commemorate this proclamation in
Western Ukraine on 22Jan1918 and its unification with Eastern Ukraine
on 22Jan1919. Although these efforts to establish an independent
Ukrainian state failed, the struggle of the Ukrainian Independence
Movement has continued ...
-- through the Bolshevik victory of the 1920s, the Polish pacification
and Holodomor of the 1930s, the OUN/UPA resistance to German and
Russian occupation during and following WW2, the 1960s dissident
movement, the Scherbitsky crackdown in 1972 followed by the Brezhnev
stagnation and repression until the demise of the Soviet Union and
Ukrainian (so-called) independence in 1991, the 2004 Orange Revolution,
the 2014 Revolution of Dignity and the occupation of Crimea and Donbas
by Russian military forces --
... to the present day.
In reality, vicious fighting involving the Ukrainians, Poles and
Russians commenced well before the end of WW1. The late Pavlo Humeniuk,
on page 9 of his 38-page book of memoirs, describes how Haller’s Polish
Army torture-murdered over 300 boys from his native village,
Vishnivchyk, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine, and surrounding villages comprising
the fledgling Ukrainian army called the “Sichovi Striltsi” during the
summer/fall of 1917. Mr. Humeniuk contributed to the construction of an
appropriate “memorial” in Vishnivchyk to commemorate this tragedy.
Slava Ukraini! Heroyam Slava!
Will Zuzak; 2018.01.22
[Originally sent but undelivered at 1:02 AM MST Tue. 23Jan2018.]
[Next sent but undelivered at 2:50 PM MST Wed. 24Jan2018.]
Addendum added 29Jan2018:
(1) It is not clear why my two attempts to post this message on
Infoukes failed. Gremlins on my computer or my Telusplanet server?
(2) Should anyone have more information about the Vishnivchyk Massacre
of the Sichovi Striltsi by Haller's Polish Army in 1917, please send it
to me and/or post it to the Infoukes Politics mailing list. Any
photographs of the "memorial" in Vishnivchyk would be appreciated.
(3) As described in a recent article in Kyiv Post (appended below), on
26Jan2018 Poland passed the so-called "Bandera ideology" law:
Kyiv Post | 27Jan2018 | Interfax-Ukraine
Viatrovych: Law on ‘Bandera
ideology’ dangerous not for Ukraine, but for Poland itself
The bill on banning the propaganda of “Bandera ideology”, supported
by Polish MPs, is dangerous not for Ukraine, but for Poland itself, Head
of the Ukrainian National Remembrance Institute Volodymyr Viatrovych
“This is a serious step towards the curtailment of freedom of speech
and the introduction of party censorship. Not only Ukrainian authors,
but also Polish writers, who wrote about Ukrainian Insurgent Army
(OUN-UPA), except its activities are criminal, will fall under the law.
The works of Tozhetsky, Kuron, Giedraitis will be censored,” he wrote on
Facebook on Friday night.
In view of this Viatrovych noted that democracy is impossible without freedom of speech.
“The experience of our eastern neighbor proved this. I do not want to
repeat this lesson,” added the head of the Ukrainian Institute of
According to Polish media, on Friday, January 26, 2018, the third reading
of the package of bills passed by the Polish Sejm, which provides for
changes to the law on the National Memory Institute, took place. There
was a bill banning “Bandera ideology” in Poland among them. The majority
of parliamentarians voted in affirmative -- 279 out of 414. All the
deputies of PiS, Kukiz’15 i PSL voted for the draft. The document was
supported by several opposition members of parliament.
The adopted law concerns the definition of crimes of Ukrainian
nationalists and Ukrainian organizations cooperating with the Third
Reich, as well as the possibility of launching, in accordance with
Article 55 of the Law on the Institute of National Remembrance, criminal
proceedings against persons who deny these crimes.
There is a fine or imprisonment for up to three years for the denial of “Bandera supporters’ crimes.”