Sol Littman   Letter 26   10-Dec-1999   Was John Buchan an anti-Semite?
"But if you're on the biggest kind of job and are bound to get to the real boss, ten to one you are brought up against a little white-faced Jew in a bathchair with an eye like a rattlesnake." Character in a John Buchan novel
  December 10, 1999

Sol Littman
Director, Simon Wiesenthal Center
8 King Street East, Suite 710
Toronto, ON

Tel: (416) 864-9735
Fax: (416) 864-1083

Sol Littman:

You say John Buchan was an Anti-Semite

In your Tryzub and Swastika Speech of 31Aug97, you accuse John Buchan of being an anti-Semite:

Years and years ago when I was a teenager, we had a Governor General by the name of John Buchan, an English writer, who was unquestionably an anti-Semite.

But Mark Steyn Demonstrates that he was Not

Thursday, December 09, 1999

Be careful who you call an anti-Semite

Mark Steyn
National Post


In the last month, [Canadian writer Mordecai] Richler has accused our former governor-general, John Buchan, of anti-Semitism [...].  Actually, it was Mordecai's son Noah, this paper's literary editor, who accused Buchan of anti-Semitism in a throwaway aside about the G-G's [Governor-General's] literary awards.  The awards, he noted, were founded by "John Buchan aka Lord Tweedsmuir (the anti-Semitic author of The Thirty-Nine Steps)."  After Fraser Gordon (on our letters page opposite) questioned this parenthesis, Noah's dad wrote in to say that Buchan's diaries often referred to Johannesburg as "Jew'burg" and, furthermore, "consider the following passage from The Thirty-Nine Steps, wherein the brave and good spy, Scudder, explains the ways of the world to Richard Hannay":

"...  Capital, he said, had no conscience and no fatherland.  Besides, the Jew was behind it, and the Jew hated Russia worse than hell...  The Jew is everywhere, but you have to go down the backstairs to find him.  Take any big Teutonic business concern.  If you have dealings with it the first man you meet is Prince von und zu Something, an elegant young man who talks Eton-and-Harrow English.  But he cuts no ice.  If your business is big, you get behind him and find a prognathous Westphalian with a retreating brow and the manners of a hog...  But if you're on the biggest kind of job and are bound to get to the real boss, ten to one you are brought up against a little white-faced Jew in a bathchair with an eye like a rattlesnake.  Yes, sir, he is the man who is ruling the world just now, and he has his knife into the Empire of the Tzar, because his aunt was outraged and his father flogged in some one-horse location on the Volga."

John Buchan is a man all Canadians can be proud of.
"Case closed," concluded Mordecai.

Well, permit me to reopen it.

In the first place, I'm not entirely clear why Mordecai is providing Noah's footnotes.  Maybe they're operating as a double-act these days.  [...]  But, if he was an anti-Semite, Buchan would be disappointed to find that the soi-disant "international Jewish conspiracy" has dwindled down to such a pitiful state that it now takes two Richlers to beat up one dead Scots Presbyterian.

Second, beware the ellipses.  If you fill in the dot-dot-dot Richler puts after "the Jew hated Russia worse than hell...", you'll find Scudder continuing as follows: "Do you wonder?" he cried.  "For 300 years they have been persecuted, and this is the return match for the pogroms."  In my experience, acknowledging the Jews' centuries of suffering is not invariably a sign of the anti-Semite.

Third, I can't believe I'm having this argument with a novelist.  The anti-Jew/anti-German/anti-Russian remarks are delivered by what I believe the guys in the fiction trade call a "character."  It's like deducing from, say, the narrator of Barney's Version that Richler is a sexist.  Down that slippery slope lies the death of all imaginative writing.  How sad to see a novelist subscribing to the same philosophy as that exhibited by the Boston school that recently cancelled its production of West Side Story after complaints that "Everything's great in America" projected negative images of Puerto Rico.

In fact, I wouldn't change a word of the passage Richler deplores.  It's beautifully written: vivid, muscular, brimming with life, especially the bit about the bathchair and the rattlesnake.  Buchan is often sloughed off as a chronicler of upper-class English adventurers, but he's actually one of the few genuinely multicultural writers.  By "multiculturalism," I don't mean the dismal agglomeration of victim groups the term has shrivelled into over here, but man in his endless variety.  You'll find references to "fat Jews and blue-black dagos" and "nigger bands," but Buchan is also the author of the first English novel with a black hero, Prester John (1910), and the first anti-Nazi novel, A Prince of the Captivity (1933), with a Jew as secondary lead.

As for calling Jo'burg "Jew'burg," Jo'burg in 1902 was a town run by Scots and Jews not dissimilar, in that sense, to the Montreal of Mordecai's childhood and was routinely referred to as Jew'burg, not least by Jews.  A year or two back, I lunched with Mordecai at his old haunt Le Mas des Oliviers.  He waved airily across the room and pointed out what he called "the Kikes' Round Table."  I don't think you can have it both ways.  If a century from now, Celine Dion's diaries are found to contain the entry "Lunch with M Richler at the Kikes' Round Table.  He said my Christmas album sucked," that would not make her an anti-Semite.

Anyway, here's some more of Buchan's dealings with the little white-faced Jews with the eyes like rattlesnakes:

Some of his best friends were some of the best Jews, among them Chaim Weizmann, founder of the state of Israel.

He and his bride spent the first night of their honeymoon at the home of a Jewish friend.

He was chairman of Westminster's Parliamentary Palestine Committee, in which capacity not only was he not anti-Semitic, but, by the standards of the day, ferociously anti-anti-Semitic, denouncing "the centuries of cruelty and wrong which have stained the record of nearly every Gentile people."

His name is inscribed in the Golden Book of the Jewish National Fund of Israel for his work on behalf of Jews.

When the Germans published their hit list of British figures who would be arrested after the Nazi victory, Buchan was singled out for his "pro-Jewish activity."

Far be it for me to bang the gavel and pronounce "case closed," so I'll say only this to Mordecai: With enemies like this, who needs friends?  When Buchan was appointed to Rideau Hall, the squish on Jewish and Nazi issues was his prime minister, the still overrated Mackenzie King.  By contrast, John Buchan is one of the few non-mediocrities to hold his office, certainly when compared to its current occupant, whose principal distinction is being a competent reader of a CBC TelePrompter.  The two-pronged Noah-Mordecai slur is a classic example of this country's collective amnesia: Buchan is a man all Canadians can be proud of.


John Buchan's not an anti-Semite, [...] and a novelist who devalues powerful words is debauching [debasing?] his own currency.
The complete Mark Steyn article can be found online on the National Post web site [but the link is now dead].

You Pulled the Truth Value of Your Speech Down Another Notch

In my several letters to you, I have been calling to your attention that your Tryzub and Swastika Speech's main themes have been wrong.  What the above evidence documents is that error permeates your speech even down to the incidental allusions.

You Spread the Disease of Fear and Hatred

Thus, both in your central arguments and in your peripheral details, you did your Tryzub and Swastika Speech audience a great disservice.  You painted pictures of war criminals, where in fact there were none, and you painted John Buchan as an anti-Semite, when in fact he was not one.  You filled your audience's young minds with disinformation.  You strove mightily, and likely succeeded, in infecting the Jewish youth before you with your own malady of fear and hatred.

Lubomyr Prytulak