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| d&d (Furman, Odynsky, Katriuk) | Zuzak Letters
| 30Jun2018 | Will Zuzak
Shukhevych and Halychyna Division in Edmonton under attack
the last year or so, there has been a concerted attack by the Russian
propaganda machine and the Holocaust Industry to delegitimize Ukraine's
independence. A recent example, dated 23Apr2018, prompted Professor
to respond to the derogatory letter sponsored by Congressman Ro Khanna
and signed by 56 Members of Congress of the United States.
Of particular relevance to this article by Levon
Sevunts are a
series of tweets in the fall of 2017 by
the Russian Embassy in Ottawa decrying three monuments erected by the
Ukrainian-Canadian community in Canada on their private property -- two
in Edmonton and one in Oakville, Ontario.
his "controversial" hit piece, Mr. Sevunts displays 14
photographs, usually preceded by a negative heading such as "A far
right movement", "Terrorist beginnings", "A German commando", "Lviv
pogrom", "Apprenticeship in mass murder". He then turns to the writings
of and quotes from two charter members of the "nest
vipers spawned at the University of Alberta"
Himka and his
protégé Per Anders Rudling, who do their utmost to demonize the
Ukrainian Independence Movement -- especially Roman Shukhevych and
The first photograph is of a bust of UPA leader, Roman Shukhevych,
located in front of "Dim Molodi" in Edmonton. Not shown is the monument
to the Halychyna Division (referred to as "Divisia" by
Ukrainian-Canadians), which is located in St. Michael's Cemetery in
Edmonton, where my parents, brother and many relatives are buried. I
would expect that most of the ethnic Ukrainians living in Edmonton and
certainly the vast majority of the dead souls buried in St. Michael's
Cemetery are grateful to Roman Shukhevych and Stepan Bandera, who
represent the aspirations of millions of Ukrainians to establish an
independent Ukraine. Does Mr. Himka propose to initiate a petition to
have these symbols of Ukrainian statehood removed?
I am amazed by the double morality of those that demonize the efforts
of the Ukrainian Independence Movement. History demonstrates that
freedom and independence in the
face of violent opposition by the oppressors can
only be attained by physical force. This entails civil disobedience,
"terrorist" activities, military confrontations, etc. Why does anyone
expect Ukraine to be an exception?
During and at the conclusion of WWI, Ukrainians endeavoured to
create an independent state by
peaceful democratic means. They failed. At the negotiations leading to
the Treaty of Versailles, they were double crossed and rebuffed. This
has recurred again and again. Democracy and diplomacy don't work;
military force and violence do.
During the 1920s and 1930s, OVU and OUN set up their revolutionary
cells in complete secrecy, which requiresd a hierarchical
(totalitarian) structure and strict discipline. (It certainly was not
democratic.) Every OUN participant was dedicated to the motto:
"Establish an independent Ukraine or die trying."
The Germans (especially Adolf Hitler) were horrified by the draconian
penalties imposed on them by the Treaty of Versailles and were
determined to revise it. Ukrainians hoped that any revision would
result in an independent Ukraine. Their contacts with the German
Wehrmacht resulted in the creation of the Roland and Nachtigall
Battalions composed of Ukrainians, but armed and controlled by Germans.
There were elements in the German Wehrmacht that truly supported
Ukrainian aspirations. (Unfortunately, this did not include Hitler).
Ukrainians were disappointed, when Hitler allowed Hungary to annex
Carpatho-Ukraine on 15Mar1939 and they
were shocked and disillusioned, when
Stepan Bandera and the OUN leadership were arrested and sent to German
concentration camps shortly after Yaroslav Stetsko proclaimed an
independent Ukrainian state on 30Jun1941. Thereafter,
mutual distrust reigned supreme.
The atmosphere changed drastically after the Battle of Stalingrad
resulted in the complete destruction of the German Sixth Army on
02Feb1943. It became obvious to everyone (except Hitler) that Germany
would lose the war. Before that date Ukrainians were hoping for German
benevolence towards them; after that date they started hoping that the
Western Allies would sweep through Germany and confront the Red Army.
No one (except Roosevelt) had any illusions about Stalin. Thus, any
adjustment of the position and tactics of the OUN leadership is logical
"Heroism" is a very subjective concept. I do not consider the killing
of a large number of enemy personnel as heroism. (In fact, killing an
opponent is an admission of failure to convince your opponent to your
point of view by peaceful means.) To me, heroism is a form of martyrdom
associated with sacrificing one's life and/or wellbeing for the benefit
of others. The Ukrainian people will be forever grateful to hundreds of
thousands of their brethern who sacrificed their "souls and bodies for
our freedom", as
stated in the Ukrainian anthem.
Will Zuzak; 2018.06.30