Home > Religious
Affairs | Katriuk2012
VOSvoboda | 15Jul2013 | Yurij Pohrebniak [20:19,
Program "Special View"
about events in Volyn
Published on 15 Jul 2013
Програма "Особливий погляд" про події на Волині
Останні кілька місяців із
польського боку відбувається цілеспрямоване нагнітання антиукраїнської
істерії. Лунають заяви, які ображають честь і гідність української
нації. Здійснюється фальсифікація історичної правди та свідоме
замовчування злочинних актів польської колоніальної окупаційної
політики щодо України та українців.
Українська сторона зробила все для взаємного порозуміння та взаємного
прощення на основі принципів рівноправности та добросусідства. Але
Польща проігнорувала наші зусилля і перейшла межу. 12 липня польський
Сейм ухвалив шовіністичну резолюцію, в якій звинувачує українців, які
боролися за незалежність на своїй землі, у геноциді. Аналогічну позицію
раніше зайняв Сенат і президент Броніслав Коморовський.
Over the last several months, anti-Ukrainian hysteria has been fomented
by the Polish side. Proclamations insulting the honour and dignity of
the Ukrainian nation are being trumpeted. There is falsification of
historical truth and deliberate silence about the criminal acts
committed by the Polish colonial occupation politics with respect to
Ukraine and Ukrainians.
The Ukrainian side did everything possible to achieve a mutual
understanding and mutual forgiveness on the princple of
even-handedness and good neighbourliness. But Poland ignored
our efforts and crossed the line. On 12Jul2013 the Polish Sejm passed a
chauvanistic resolution, which accuses Ukrainians, who were fighting
for independence on their native soil, of genocide. The Polish
Senate and President Bronislav Komorowski adopted a similar position
[00:12 - 00:35] Yurij Pohrebniak introduces the Polish-Ukrainian
controversy re the 1943 Volyn events..
[00:36 - 01:34] 70 years ago Volyn was part of the Geman
Reichskommissariat Ukraine. The Polish-Ukrainian conflict dates back in
1918, through the 11Jul1943 events and culminated with the 1947
Operation Visla with the deportation of Ukrainians. The UPA fought
thousands of battles during WWII. In a 2003 ceremony, Leonid Kuchma and
Alexander Kwasniewski pledged mutual apologies and forgiveness. But in
2013 Poland is demanding new one-sided apologies.
[01:35 - 02:05] Vladislav Kubuv, a veteran of the Polish Home Army in
Halychyna, remembers the flight of Poles through his village and holds
an enduring hatred for Ukrainians.
[02:06 - 05:59] Reference to Eva Semashko and other Polish historians.
Professor Volodymyr Serhichuk refers to other sources which indicate
that Polish losses were 3 times lower and Ukrainian losses were 17
times higher than the Poles claim. Yaroslav Tsaruk was 10 years old
when Poles killed his two brothers and two sisters and burned down his
village in Volyn. He has done a study of the Volyn events in one raion,
which lowers Polish claims of 2446 dead to just a little more than 700.
Poles claim that they killed only 69 Ukrainians; whereas he has found
names and graves of 1244 dead. (He also discovered the names of some
and when these killings took place.) Vasyl Pawliuk (Lviv city council)
accuses Poles of political mathematics. Andriy Kozytskiy (historian)
says that weapons were in the hands of many factions -- Ukrainians,
Poles, Red partisans, Germans. He tried to come to a mutual agreement,
but Poles refused to reach a compromise and issued a resolution ot
"ethnic cleansing with signs of genocide.
[06:00 - 09:30] Neither Yanukovych nor the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
reacted to the provocation. Only Oleh Pankevych of Svoboda protested in
the Verkhovna Rada. Andriy Mokknyk of Svoboda says that certain Poles
still claim Volyn as part of Poland. Ruslan Koshupinsky, vice-speaker
in the Verkhovna Rada, states that the Russian Federation is very
promoting dissension between Ukraine and Poland, such as to prevent
Ukraine signing an association agreement with the European Union in
[09:31- 09:45] In the second half of the program,Yurij Pohrebniak
introduces the "Kresoviky" with aspirations for "Kresy Wschodnie" --
Polish "eastern territories" in Volyn.
[09:46 - 13:46] Two years ago (8-10Apr2010) after Yanukovych came to
power, Vadym Kolesnichenko (deputy in Verkhovna Rada from Party of
Regions) organized a display in Kyiv highlighting the "Volyn massacres"
on behalf of the Kresoviky. Riots resulted, journalists and protesters
were arrested. Andriy Mokhnyk and Vadym Kolesnichenko comment. Yatsyk
Kuron, veteran of the Polish Army, says that, if Ukraine wants to
maintain independence, she cannot forget about UPA. Andriy Kozytsky
says Poles want a barter deal: "European Association Agreement in
exchange for denunciation of Bandera." The alternative to Bandera is
Stalin. Pope John Paul II proposed a Polish-Ukrainian compromise of
forgiveness, which the new Polish elite is abandoning according to
Anatoly Vitiv, who was involved with the Volyn commemorations in 2003.
[13:47 - 15:35] Ukrainian survivor Pavlo Danyluk explains that Ukraine
never attacked Poland. It was the Poles who came to Ukraine. During the
1930s, Polish generals had been granted huge tracts of land -- they
lived like landlords. Volodymyr Serhichuk explains that in 1923 Poland
promised autonomy to Ukrainians, which they reneged on. Polish
population increased from 7% to 17%; the word Ukrainian was outlawed
in favour of Rusyn; in 1924 the Ukrainian language was forbidden in
schools; of 3400 Orthodox churches 200 were ruined/burnt, 150 given to
Poles and only 50 remained.
[15:36 - 17:49] During the 1920-1930s the Polish colonists had
overwhelmiing state support. In 1943 the Polish Home Army collaborated
with both the Nazis and Stalinists against the UPA. Paraska Levchuk
relates how the Poles and Germans forced her father and mother into the
cellar then threw in a grenade. Vadym Kolesnichenko with 148 deputies
of the Verkhovna Rada encouraged the Polish Sejm to use the term
genocide. On 09Jul2013, Volodymyr Viatrovych stated that the
controversy over the 1943 Volyn tragedy has completely overshadowed
preparations for the 80th anniversary of the 1933 Holodomor
tragedy. Nevertheless, there were some Poles who also
commemorated 1000 Ukrainians killed in Sahryn by the Home Army. Adam
Michnik of Gazeta Wyborcza strongly supports Ukraine's ascension to the
[17:50 - 20:19] Yurij Pohrebniak refers to several Ukrainian projects
on behalf of Poland, such as the opening a Polish veterans cemetary in
Bykyvnia. Last year in Lviv, a monument was built "In honour of the
Professors of Lviv murdered by the Nazis in 1941", with inscriptions in
Ukrainian, Polish and English. Permission was granted for establishing
a "Polish Home". Vasyl Pavliuk of Lviv city council says
Ukraine will continue extending a hand of friendship to Poland. Poles
participated in a recent commemoration of the Battle of Konotop in 1659
where Polish forces aided Ukraine to defeat Muscovite forces. Ihor
Miroshnichenko emphasizes that joint actions make it easier to defeat
their common enemy.