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email@example.com | 11Mar2014 | Will Zuzak
Will Germany double-cross Ukraine again?
Following the flight of Viktor Yanukovych on 22Feb2014 and the
initiation of war by the Russian Federation against Ukraine on
01Mar2014, Vladimir Putin’s propaganda machine has been demonizing the
Euromaidan demonstrators in Kyiv as Nazis, fascists, anti-semites and
labelling them as Banderovtsi and German collaborators from the WW2
era. The reality of OUN-UPA opposition to German forces is directly
opposite to these false claims, as outlined in the lectures of Ivan
Patrylyak archived at
between OUN-UPA and Germany cdvrua, 17Dec2012; Ivan
and 43:09, Ukr/English summary]
The Ukrainian Independence Movement tried to enlist German support for
the establishment of an independent Ukraine, but were double-crossed
Before the outbreak of WW2, the Ukrainian Independence Movement under
the political leadership of OUN tried to convince the German leadership
to support the independence of Subcarpathia. They were double-crossed
when on 15Mar1939 Germany (having occupied the Sudetenland) permitted
Hungary to occupy Subcarpathia -- killing and arresting many Ukrainian
During the summer of 1939, the Germans picked 600 POWs from Hungarian
prisons to form the “Legion of Sushko” (later “Ukrainian Legion”) --
with the intention to use them to destabilize Poland. However, their
services were no longer needed after the signing of the
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact on 23Aug1939; the attack on Poland on
01Sep1939; and the occupation of Western Ukraine by the Red Army on
17Sep1939. This was the second German double-cross of the Ukrainian
On 25Feb1941, the Germans formed two battalions “Nachtigall” (commanded
by Roman Shukhevych) and “Roland” from the “Ukrainian Legion”. The
leaders of OUN contacted the Germans to allow OUN to create a cadre of
officers for a future Ukrainian Army of an independent Ukraine. After
Hitler’s attack on the USSR on 22Jun1941, Nachtigall reached Lviv half
a day before the German army and seized the radio station from which
Yaroslav Stetsko read out the “Declaration of Independence” on the
night of 30Jun1941 -- much to the consternation of the Germans.
Stepan Bandera was detained on 03Jul1941; Stetsko and his government
were arrested on 11Jul1941. After refusing to rescind their Declaration
of Independence, Bandera was incarcerated in the Sachsenhausen
concentration camp for the duration of the war. The Gestapo sent out an
order for the police to arrest all Bandera agitators, which resulted in
massive arrests on 05Sep1941 and 15Sep1941. This was followed by a
directive on 25Nov1941 to arrest and execute all Bandera adherents,
which resulted in the disappearance of some 3000 people.
Actions of OUN-UPA
against German forces:
[By January 1942, OUN cells were completely “underground” again and
were providing resistance to the German occupiers. The mnemonic UPA
(Ukrainian Insurgent Army = Ukrainian Partisan Army, originally used by
Otaman Bulba Borovets much earlier) was adopted by the OUN political
leadership in April 1943.]
- May/June 1942 -- freeing Ostarbeiter from transport trains.
- September-December 1942 -- 100 attacks on German agricultural
structures in Rivno area (Sarny, Kostopil, Vidvipel, Bereza).
- 20Jan1943 and 08Feb1943 -- Hryhori Perehnyak attack on German police
column and on Volodymyr raion centre.
- March 1943 German documents -- 405 attacks, many food seizures, …
- 21/21Mar1943 -- 12 Germans died in Kramenets.
- 15Mar1943 to 18Apr1943 -- UPA attacks to free prisoners and to
destroy prisons, POW camps and Ostarbeiter camps.
- UPA attacks increased from 57 in April to 70 in May 1943.
- In July 1943 there were 295 attacks on German forces, 682 acts of
sabotage on railroads, 119 attacks on agricultural objects.
- In August 1943 there were 391 attacks on German forces, 1034
diversions on railroads, 151 attacks on business institutions.
- 06 to 16Jul1944 -- major battle in Hornevolpaty.
- OUN-UPA leadership executed Antoniuk and Olinyk for unauthorized
initiation of talks with Germans.
Summary: Germans and associates lost 18,500 people; UPA lost
13,000 people plus 10,000 sympathizers; there were from 20 to 30,000
German WW2 plans for
Empire-Building and the Holocaust in Ukraine Wendy
- The five quotes of Hitler and Himmler clearly indicate that the plan
of the Germans was to colonize Ukraine at the expense of the indigenous
population -- i.e. pure unadulterated genocide.
Visual images of German
WW2 atrocities in Ukraine:
Will Germany double-cross Ukraine once again?
Will Zuzak; 2014-03-11